★ - Beginner
★ ★ ★ - Moderate
★ ★ ★ ★ ★ - Advanced
GA1: Disarmament and Internation Security ★ ★ ★
Welcome to BEYMUN 2018’s Disarmament and International Security Committee (DISEC) of the General Assembly. DISEC revolves heavily around Article 11 of Chapter IV of the UN Charter: “The General Assembly may consider the general principles of cooperation in the maintenance of international peace and security, including the principles governing disarmament and the regulation of armament”. Therefore, DISEC mostly tackles issues of disarmament, threats to global security, and issues that put global peace at risk. Delegates in DISEC are tasked with developing solutions to the challenges of international security and global peace through decisive and diplomatic resolutions.
Topic A: The Reduction of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) Trade
The illicit proliferation of small arms and light weapons (SALWs) is recognized as an issue at the top of the international political agenda. The multiple attempts to combat the trading of such weaponry outside of internationally recognized guidelines have demonstrated the significance of the matter to the countless states involved. Today, with the rise of intra-state conflicts and international ethnic and political divide, such an issue is as in need of a solution as ever. The illicit trade of SALWs directly and indirectly touches the lives of hundreds of thousands of individuals across the globe. In the Middle East alone, such illicit trade has been the fuel for conflict that divides and separates ethnicities and backgrounds.
At BEYMUN 2018, delegates will be tasked with the responsibility and duty of diplomatically combatting the rise of the illicit trade of SALWs by instilling preventive measures and actions to reduce illicit SALW trade occurrence. Will delegates rise up to the occasion and produce the solutions to a political epidemic that today’s international authorities have failed to address? Will such a solution be diplomatic enough to ride the fine line between intrusive foreign intervention and preventative political action? How will your delegation approach the ever-growing sensitivity of the topic? Can we finally do what international political leaders couldn’t?
Topic B: The Regulation of Foreign Military Aid
During unstable times, with frequent episodes of conflict and warfare, international communities are constantly reaching out to assist each other with different types of aid, including military aid. However, given the highly contextual nature of the topic, it is challenging to develop a framework which could organize such foreign military aid and the extent of its use in war-torn regions. In fact, criteria to define, justify and regulate foreign military aid are still not fully developed in the UN’s web of guidelines and restraints. Even with regulatory frameworks set in place, how do we guarantee the application of such frameworks under unstable circumstances that require quick solutions? For a topic that relies heavily on the context of the state in need of foreign assistance, will pre-set regulations restrict the delivery of sufficient aid? How flexible should these regulations be so as not to under- or overestimate the type and size of aid needed? Moreover, are armed forces entitled to go beyond providing physical security and further support the country’s broader humanitarian and developmental goals?
Indeed, all these are controversial questions given the sensitive nature of the topic. What is your nation’s stance on this? At what point do boundaries fail to be effective? Can a lack of them prove to be the most optimal solution? Let’s unveil the answers together at BEYMUN 2018!
GA3: Social, Humanitarian, and Cultural Committee ★
Welcome delegates to the Social Humanitarian and Cultural Committee!
The General Assembly Third Committee – Social Humanitarian and Cultural Committee (SOCHUM) – has, ever since its inception, served as an integral organ whose aim is to focus on human rights. Currently at its seventy-second session, SOCHUM’s agenda continues to revolve around a broad range of social and humanitarian affairs. With the ultimate aim of preserving human dignity, SOCHUM discusses topics relating to the protection of children, the advancement of women rights, the care of refugees, exclusion of indigenous people, racism and many others. The Committee also addresses questions pertaining to social order and development such as crime, education, drugs, juvenile delinquency and other issues that affect the individual’s proper integration in society.
With such a diverse and wide-ranging scope, SOCHUM regularly joins effort with other organs of the UN, such as the WHO, UNICEF and UNHCR to ensure that its resolutions are being effectively implemented.
SOCHUM believes that every perspective should be shared and conveyed in order to “Pave Unity and Pioneer Acceptance”.
Topic A: Rebuilding of Failing States
States can be classified as either strong, weak, failing, failed or collapsed states. This classification is not constant and can easily alternate over time. In fact, history is not devoid of examples where strong states collapsed and collapsed states rebuilt themselves, as is the case nowadays.
The key feature for a strong state is the provision of public and political goods. If the state fails to provide these, failure and conflict can easily manifest, creating an environment of unrest and uncertainty for its citizens. Another contributing factor is the type of governance, whereby autocratic or self-governed states are more susceptible to decline than democratic states. For nations to survive and thrive, they need to ensure security and promote inclusive policies for all their citizens. Similarly, the flourishment of a strong and unwavering economy will fortify citizens’ strength and perseverance in the face of adversity.
Conflict is certainly everywhere, but a nation’s main building ingredient will revolve around inclusive wide-ranging strategies and fair policies that promote equality. Acceptance, certainly, is the first step towards stability.
Topic B: Preservation of Ethnic Identities and Ethno-Cultural Differences
All around the world, the topic of indigenous people has often been dismissed as peripheral. Such diminishing attitude has reached an extent, whereby indigenous people are not recognized as independent individuals with innate rights, and where their suffering is undervalued.
Despite the extensive diversity and target range, linguistic minorities also share a common history of injustice with indigenous people. Escalating from governmental exclusion and underrepresentation in law and legislation, to enslavement, torture and murder, both communities have been subject to extensive demeaning conditions. Unfortunately, the adverse treatment of these individuals can sometimes be a byproduct of ethno-cultural problems that further escalate into ethnic cleansing circumstances. In many cases, regrettably, the demands of these minorities for a dignified existence have been misunderstood as a request for favoritism and special treatment. Consequently, in order to shape an advanced, diverse, and tolerant society it is essential for government officials to be receptive and recognize their demands and rights.
The dais looks forward to witness how the delegates will engage with this topic and come up with well-rounded arguments and solutions in an attempt to speak up on the behalf of these individuals and fight for their rights.
Interpol (Double Delegation) ★ ★ ★ ★
Welcome to INTERPOL!
The world’s largest international police organization with 192 member countries, INTERPOL was established as the International Criminal Police Commission (ICPC) in 1923 and adopted its current name in 1956. Its role is to provide a platform for police agencies to work together to ensure stability and provide assistance in times of need. INTERPOL aims at facilitating international police cooperation even when diplomatic relations are absent between particular countries. The global police communications channels and internationally recognized alert systems provided by INTERPOL allow police around the world to share data instantly and securely. Delegates will have to debate on how to assist all national and international law enforcement bodies in tackling the topics at hand. We would like you to work as real criminal intelligence officers, capable of identifying and fighting the problem on a global scale while keeping in mind that you must unite and cooperate to work towards putting an end to transnational illicit activities.
Topic A: Combating Pharmaceutical Crimes and Counterfeit Medicine
When did a trip to the pharmacy become a game of Russian roulette?
The chances of losing the game and ending up with a counterfeit medicine are large. For someone with the technical knowledge and a devious mind, manufacturing a counterfeit pill requires nothing more than a piece of chalk and the right tools. With the labelling and packaging often imitated to perfection, it’s almost impossible to tell with the naked eye that it’s a replica.
The global counterfeit drug trade, a thriving billion-dollar industry, is flooding the markets with fake and doctored drugs. The increasing prevalence of counterfeit and illicit medication has been compounded by the rise of Internet trade, providing an easy, cheap, and prescription-free alternative for patients. These pharmaceutical crimes are jeopardizing patients’ lives because they unknowingly placed their trust in an industry tainted by corruption. In order to identify, investigate and prosecute those responsible for these illegal acts, delegates must unite, cooperate and lead this global battle against counterfeit medicines.
Topic B: Addressing Tax Fraud and Tax Evasion
Prior to the financial crisis of 2007-2008, unemployment rates were significantly low, growth rates were satisfactory, and economies were flourishing. However, the crisis played a significant role in reversing all the advancements that took place before 2007. Even in light of the crisis, establishing an international regulatory framework for tax is an issue that still eluded the global community.
The economic and financial deregulation facilitated tax evasion and led to the creation of tax havens in various parts of the world. The Panama Papers in particular are considered to be one of the largest tax-related leaks in history, listing the names of various politicians, celebrities, sport stars, and world leaders who were exploiting the benefits of offshore taxations. Economic globalization and sophisticated transaction mechanisms have facilitated tax evasion, providing opportunities for entities and individuals to cheat the system. The absence of tax regulation and monitoring has dramatically changed both the structure of taxation and the people’s perspective regarding the very same issue. This has rendered people to become concerned more than ever about the repercussions of the aforementioned changes on our socio-economic reality.
Historical Security Council ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
The Security Council was established as one of the six principal organs of the United Nations on October 24, 1945 with the ratification of the United Nations Charter. It is tasked with the primary responsibility of maintaining international peace and security in accordance with the principles of the UN and is empowered with the ability to respond to threats to international security through political, economic, and military means. With ten elected member nations and five permanent members, the UN Security Council is expected to stand firm and make drastic decisions regarding the maintenance of international cooperation and amity.
The Historical Security Council will simulate debates that took place at a specific time period in history, where delegates are only permitted to use information provided during that time period, making ingenuity and strategic thinking key elements of the committee.
How will you forward your policies? How will you refashion the present and future for the better? How will you, amongst all the chaos, work to promote peace? These are all pivotal questions that you’ll have to find answers to in the Historical Security Council.
Topic A: Persian Gulf War (1990)
At the dawn of August 2, 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait, besieging the capital and seizing tactical regions of the country. Following that, on the 28th of August, Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq at the time, announced Kuwait to be the 19th Province of Iraq. The invasion was a result of various economic, political, and - according to Hussein - ideological Arab-nationalistic reasons, many of which stem back to the Iraq-Iran War of the 1980s.
Causing international uproar and triggering intervention from the United Nations Security Council, the invasion led to the rise of various instrumental questions: What further sanctions should be imposed on Iraq, and should the UN seek to remove Saddam Hussein from presidency? How should the United Nations deal with Iraqi and Kuwaiti communities to minimize hostility? And how should the Security Council unite in face of regional destabilization of the Middle East and Gulf countries to maintain international peace and prevent future wars of similar natures?
Topic B: South African Apartheid (1948)
Turning back the clock to 1948, we revisit what is considered to be one of the lowest points in racial segregation history, a time where apartheid governed South Africa.
For approximately 43 years, the South African government enforced laws that banned interracial marriages and social integration amongst people of different race, stripped non-white South Africans of their voting rights and parliamentary representation, and dictated the living arrangements and economic opportunities of each race. The oppressing laws set caused the displacement of 3.5 million non-white South Africans between 1960 and 1983, which came to be one of the largest mass relocations in modern history. The system, therefore, gave way to the birth of a powerful and armed opposition, resulting in heavy waves of violence and civil war.
As a result, the United Nations Security Council considered apartheid a threat to international peace and security and sought to solve the issue. As a response to discrimination, how should the Security Council sanction the South African government, and how should it seek to reverse the adverse effects of the system? What mistakes did the international community make in addressing the issue? What countries illegally supported the apartheid, what were their motives, and how should the UN SC respond?