★ - Beginner
★ ★ ★ - Moderate
★ ★ ★ ★ ★ - Advanced
Historical Security Council ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
The Security Council was established as one of the six principal organs of the United Nations on October 24, 1945 with the ratification of the United Nations Charter. It is tasked with the primary responsibility of maintaining international peace and security in accordance with the principles of the UN and is empowered with the ability to respond to threats to international security through political, economic, and military means. With ten elected member nations and five permanent members, the UN Security Council is expected to stand firm and make drastic decisions regarding the maintenance of international cooperation and amity.
The Historical Security Council will simulate debates that took place at a specific time period in history, where delegates are only permitted to use information provided during that time period, making ingenuity and strategic thinking key elements of the committee.
How will you forward your policies? How will you refashion the present and future for the better? How will you, amongst all the chaos, work to promote peace? These are all pivotal questions that you’ll have to find answers to in the Historical Security Council.
Topic A: Persian Gulf War (1990)
At the dawn of August 2, 1990, Iraq invaded Kuwait, besieging the capital and seizing tactical regions of the country. Following that, on the 28th of August, Saddam Hussein, President of Iraq at the time, announced Kuwait to be the 19th Province of Iraq. The invasion was a result of various economic, political, and - according to Hussein - ideological Arab-nationalistic reasons, many of which stem back to the Iraq-Iran War of the 1980s.
Causing international uproar and triggering intervention from the United Nations Security Council, the invasion led to the rise of various instrumental questions: What further sanctions should be imposed on Iraq, and should the UN seek to remove Saddam Hussein from presidency? How should the United Nations deal with Iraqi and Kuwaiti communities to minimize hostility? And how should the Security Council unite in face of regional destabilization of the Middle East and Gulf countries to maintain international peace and prevent future wars of similar natures?
Topic B: South African Apartheid (1948)
Turning back the clock to 1948, we revisit what is considered to be one of the lowest points in racial segregation history, a time where apartheid governed South Africa.
For approximately 43 years, the South African government enforced laws that banned interracial marriages and social integration amongst people of different race, stripped non-white South Africans of their voting rights and parliamentary representation, and dictated the living arrangements and economic opportunities of each race. The oppressing laws set caused the displacement of 3.5 million non-white South Africans between 1960 and 1983, which came to be one of the largest mass relocations in modern history. The system, therefore, gave way to the birth of a powerful and armed opposition, resulting in heavy waves of violence and civil war.
As a result, the United Nations Security Council considered apartheid a threat to international peace and security and sought to solve the issue. As a response to discrimination, how should the Security Council sanction the South African government, and how should it seek to reverse the adverse effects of the system? What mistakes did the international community make in addressing the issue? What countries illegally supported the apartheid, what were their motives, and how should the UN SC respond?
Maya Moussa - Chair
Maya is a junior student majoring in Computer and Communications Engineering at the American University of Beirut, with a passion for technology and youth and women empowerment.
Maya has been participating in MUN programs since Middle School, where she participated in her first conference at the age of 12. As she grew up, she continued participating in multiple conferences as a delegate, a delegate advisor, a Committee Director, and currently, as the Chair of the “Historical Security Council” (HSC) in this year’s BEYMUN. As HSC’s Chair, Maya is excited to see the delegates debate the committee’s topics, the “Persian Gulf War” and “South African Apartheid,” two topics that, in her opinion, continue to be important political and social discussions worth revisiting.
Over the past years, Maya has cherished the importance of MUN conferences in empowering the youth with several skills and honing their leadership skills. Aside from that, her passion for women empowerment in the technology field has led her to co-founding an initiative called “All Girls Code” that provides young girls with hands-on coding, algorithms, and robotics experience. The initiative, so far, has gained both national and international recognition. Maya has also been part of Lebanon’s “Google Developers Group” and “Google Women TechMakers” as an organizer, where she actively works to organize events that help develop the Lebanese technology ecosystem.
Shambhavi Chouhan – Assistant Chair
Shambhavi Chouhan is a second year law major at the University of Amsterdam with a keen interest in human rights as well as writing. Shambhavi was exposed to the world of MUNs when she was 15 and hasn't been able to stop since. She has attended conferences across India, Western Europe and will be co-chairing the Historic Security Council at BEYMUN. Shambhavi is highly interested in the topics of "Persian Gulf War" and the "South African Apartheid" as she believes both the topics hold contemporary political importance and should be discussed in depth by citizens of tomorrow to understand the gravity of the situation. Shambhavi finds MUN particularly appealing as youth from different cultures are drawn together and debate their viewpoint to meet a required negotiation. This is highly practical to hone public speaking as well as expanding an individual's opinion after intensive debate. Shambhavi pays keen attention towards international relations and hopes to work for Amnesty International one day. Furthermore, she believes in the power of writing to express political dissent especially in today's political world.
Tala Tlili – Assistant Chair
Tala Tlili is a senior majoring in International Affairs and Diplomacy at Notre Dame University (NDU) and will be the assistant chair of the Historical Security Council at BEYMUN. Tala began her MUN journey in high school, which extended into her adult life, as she is part of the executive committee of NDU's MUN program, in addition to the fact that she was a delegate last year at BEYMUN. Tala greatly looks forward to the conference as the topics the dais have chosen are among the most important historical events still being discussed today. Topics that touch upon ethnic conflict and war in the region are still relevant in our times, and she’ll be on the edge of her seat as delegates debate them in April. On a personal level, Tala is a diehard fan of the band Tool, and enjoys video games and books. She hopes prospective delegates share her excitement to see how the events in the Historical Security Council will unfold.